June 25, Doctoral research is the cornerstone of a PhD program. In order to write the dissertation, you must complete extensive, detailed research, and there are different types of research for different types of studies—involving very different methodology.
Kevin Bonnett - Sociology What approach should I take - qualitative or quantitative? Your approach, research design, and research question are all connected.
Dissertations can be based on either quantitative or qualitative data, or on a combination of both. How you choose this may depend on your preferences and abilities, and the suitability of particular approaches to your topic. You need to be able to justify why you have chosen to use such data.
Quantitative data is particularly useful when you wish to discover how common particular forms of behaviour such as illegal drug use are for a particular age group. Qualitative data is particularly useful when you wish to find out why people engage in such behaviour.
Think about the Research Methods modules you have taken so far. Think about the different kinds of studies you have read for other modules. There is plenty of scope to use the approaches and methods that you are most comfortable with.
You need to justify your approach and methods and to cite appropriate literature to help you do this. What if I want to find out about social trends, or the measurable effects of particular policies?
You will probably want to use large datasets and undertake quantitative data analysis, and you will be adopting a realist approach to the topic studied. Quantitative dissertations are likely to be nearer to the lower end of the range of approved lengths for the dissertation e.
They will also include tables and figures giving your important findings. Remember that all tables must be carefully titled and labelled and that sources of your data must be acknowledged. What if I want to record people's views on an issue, and give them a 'voice'?
You will probably want to use in-depth qualitative data, and you may wish to adopt a realist, a phenomenologist, or a constructionist approach to the topic. Qualitative dissertations will include descriptive material, usually extracts from interviews, conversations, documents or field notes, and are therefore likely to be nearer to the upper limit of your word range e.
The types of method suitable for a dissertation could include content analysis, a small scale ethnographic study, small scale in-depth qualitative interviewing.
Whether you choose qualitative or quantitative analysis will depend on several things: Your preferred philosophical approach realist, phenomenologist or constructionist.
Your skills and abilities with methods of data collection if needed and analysis. The topic or issue you are interested in. How you frame your research question. Can I combine qualitative and quantitative methods?
There are many ways in which qualitative and quantitative data and analysis can be combined. Here are two examples. You may be interested in doing an analysis that is primarily quantitative, looking at social trends, or policy implications. However you also want to introduce a 'human touch' by conducting one or several interviews asking what these trends mean to people or how particular individuals experience events.
After doing your quantitative analysis, you should include a chapter or section on the qualitative data you have collected.Thesis methodology describes the broad philosophical underpinning to your chosen research methods, including whether you are using qualitative or quantitative methods, or a mixture of both, and why.
Research can be classified in many different ways on the basis of the methodology of research, the knowledge it creates, the user group, the research problem it . Before beginning any research project, you must decide which methodology to use.
This will guide your study, help you to choose a way to collect data and aid in your analysis.
Researchers use three primary methodology types: qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods. Within these broad categories.
Mar 05, · A thesis methodology example and the variety of common research methods. There is a multitude of investigation methods that can be useful when exploring different scientific objects in the Social sciences, so one should choose thoughtfully and in strict accordance with the appropriateness of the actual study/5(59).
Any research methodology data that is enclosed in numeric form comes into the category of quantitative method. Where to Use the Quantitative Research Methodology Quantitative research method is widely used methodology in the field of psychology, economics, political studies and sociology.
CHAPTER 4 Research Methodology and Design Research methodology and design Research Paradigm According to TerreBlanche and Durrheim (), the research process has three “the nature of human knowledge and understanding that can possibly be acquired through different types of inquiry and alternative methods of .