What is added by this report?
If you would like to obtain a copy of this Research Output, please contact Hanlie Baudin at researchoutputs hsrc. Abstract The report covers the epidemiology of HIV from both social and biomedical points of view, providing us not only with statistical data on HIV prevalence, HIV incidence and antiretroviral treatment ART exposure, but also socio-behavioural and structural aspects that contribute to the spread of HIV infections in the population.
This is a most comprehensive report on HIV, based on laboratory results and interviews in a representative cross-section of the population, including all ages, males and females, race groups, locality types and provinces.
It provides a concise synopsis of the epidemic, presented through a thoroughly researched lens. It is also reported that knowledge levels have declined, accompanied by increased risky sexual behaviours. The finding that there are still high rates of new HIV infections occurring in the country is of concern and requires that we double our efforts to prevent new infections.
The high incidence among young women aged years is troubling and calls on us to address the associated social factors such as age-disparate relationships. The continued high HIV prevalence and incidence in the black African population, particularly among females aged years and males aged years, is a serious call for us to design and implement targeted interventions for these groups, over and above the comprehensive interventions for the population at large.
The researchers also show us that people in informal areas of the country continue to be most-at-risk of HIV, with the highest HIV incidence compared to those living in other areas.
This suggests that a strong multi-sectoral approach is necessary if we want to address socio-economic challenges that continue to fuel the epidemic.Abstract.
We examined trends in cross-sectional HIV prevalence (a surrogate for incidence) and past 12 month testing behavior among young men who have sex with men (MSM). The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which causes AIDS, varies in prevalence from nation to nation.
Listed here are the prevalence rates among adults in various countries, based on data from various sources, largely the CIA World Factbook. As of , it is estimated that there are million people worldwide infected with HIV..
The HIV pandemic is most severe in South Africa. Fast Facts.
UNAIDS BEST PRACTICE COLLECTION UNICEF • UNDP • UNFPA • UNDCP UNESCO • WHO • WORLD BANK Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS UNAIDS in collaboration with Wellcome Trust Centre for the Epidemiology. This study assessed HIV prevalence trends in 5, pregnant women in the rural Vulindlela sub-district of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa following the introduction and scale-up of antiretroviral therapy (ART), and described risk factors associated with HIV transmission. However, new HIV infections among children are declining rapidly – approximately 58% since – due to scaled-up efforts to prevent mother-to-child transmission. Global trends As of , roughly million children under the age of 18 had lost one or both parents to AIDS.
More than million people in the U.S. are living with HIV today, and 1 in 7 of them don’t know it. An estimated 38, Americans became newly infected with HIV in Among the 26 states that conducted surveillance for cases of both HIV infection and AIDS in , prevalence of HIV and AIDS among reported cases (,) was fold higher than the prevalence of AIDS (51,) (1).
However, new HIV infections among children are declining rapidly – approximately 58% since – due to scaled-up efforts to prevent mother-to-child transmission. Global trends As of , roughly million children under the age of 18 had lost one or both parents to AIDS.
Estimated HIV incidence and prevalence in the United States, – HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report ;23(No. 1). trends have varied by race and over time.
From to More in-depth HIV and AIDS statistics from the CDC. CDC: HIV in the United States: At a .