The reign of terror directed by the committee of public safety in france

The so-called Committee of Public Safety, which directed the Terror, ordered 2, executions in July in Paris alone, and across France 30, people lost their lives. Palmer's Twelve Who Ruled is the classic study of the twelve men who made up the committee, the most famous of whom was Robespierre.

The reign of terror directed by the committee of public safety in france

News of his defection caused alarm in Paris, where imminent defeat by the Austrians and their allies was feared. In light of this threat, the Girondin leader Maximin Isnard proposed the creation of a nine-member Committee of Public Safety.

Isnard was supported in this effort by Georges Dantonwho declared: Closely associated with the leadership of Danton, it was initially known as the Danton Committee. When the Committee was recomposed on 10 JulyDanton was not included. Nevertheless, he continued to support the centralization of power by the Committee.

At this time, the Committee was entering a more powerful and active phase, which would see it become a de facto dictatorship alongside its powerful partner, the Committee of General Security.

The role of the Committee of Public Safety included the governance of the war including the appointment of generalsthe appointing of judges and juries for the Revolutionary Tribunal, [5] the provisioning of the armies and the public, the maintenance of public order and oversight of the state bureaucracy.

The broad and centralized powers of the Committee were codified by the Law of 14 Frimaire also known as the Law of Revolutionary Government on 4 December However, Desmoulins quickly turned his pen against the Committee of Public Safety and the Committee of General Security, comparing their reign to that of the Roman tyrants chronicled by Tacitus and expounding the indulgent views of the Dantonist faction.

On 5 Aprilthe Dantonists went to the guillotine. The creation in March of a General Police Bureau—reporting nominally to the Committee of Public Safety, but more often directly to Robespierre and his closest ally, Louis Antoine de Saint-Just —served to increase the power of the Committee of Public Safety and of Robespierre himself.

The Law of 22 Prairialproposed by the Committee of Public Safety and enacted on 10 Junewent further in establishing the iron control of the Revolutionary Tribunal and above it the Committees of Public Safety and General Security. The law enumerated various forms of public enemies, made mandatory their denunciation and severely limited the legal recourse available to those accused.

The punishment for all crimes under the Law of 22 Prairal was death. From the initiation of this law to the fall of Robespierre on 27 Julymore people were condemned to death than in the entire previous history of the Revolutionary Tribunal.

Georges Couthon | French Jacobin leader | rutadeltambor.com

Members of the Committee of General Security resented the autocratic behavior of the Committee of Public Safety and particularly the encroachment of the General Police Bureau upon their own brief. Moreover, Robespierre's increasingly extensive absences from the Committee due to illness he all but ceased to attend meetings in June created the impression that he was isolated and out of touch.

However, Robespierre delivered a speech to the National Convention on 26 July in which he emphasized the need to "purify" the Committees and "crush all factions". On the following day, 27 July or 9 Thermidor according to the Revolutionary calendarSaint-Just began to deliver a speech to the Convention in which he had planned to denounce Collot d'Herbois, Billaud-Varenne and other members of the Committee of Public Safety.

However, he was almost immediately interrupted by Tallien and by Billaud-Varenne, who accused Saint-Just of intending to "murder the Convention".

The reign of terror directed by the committee of public safety in france

A period of intense civil unrest ensued, during which the members of the Committees of Public Safety and General Security were forced to seek refuge in the Convention. Ultimately, faced with defeat and arrest, Le Bas committed suicide.Public Safety itself, and the Committee of General Security, which felt slighted by the General Police Bureau directed by Robespierre, Georges Couthon, and Louis de Saint-Just, became even more hostile.

In the cafés he was accused of being a moderate. The years of mark the Reign of Terror, a period of mass executions directed by the Montagnards' Committee of Public Safety and the Revolutionary Tribunal in an attempt to rid France of counterrevolutionaries.

The role of the Committee of Public Safety included the governance of the war (including the appointment of generals), the appointing of judges and juries for the Revolutionary Tribunal, the provisioning of the armies and the public, the maintenance of public order and oversight of the state bureaucracy.

Key among the findings of the independent forensic investigations is the conclusion that the DNC data was copied onto a storage device at a .

The French Revolution (French: Révolution française [ʁevɔlysjɔ̃ fʁɑ̃sɛːz]) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that lasted from until It was partially carried forward by Napoleon during the later expansion of the French rutadeltambor.com Revolution overthrew the monarchy, established a republic, .

Police Bureau directed by Robespierre, Georges Couthon, and Louis de Saint-Just, became even more hostile. In the cafés he was accused of being a moderate. .

Committee of General Security | French history | rutadeltambor.com