Beading patterns are determined by each age-set and identify grades. Young men, who often cover their bodies in ocher to enhance their appearance, may spend hours and days working on ornate hairstyles, which are ritually shaved as they pass into the next age-grade. History Maasai are the southernmost Nilotic speakers and are linguistically most directly related to the Turkana and Kalenjin who live near Lake Turkana in west central Kenya.
History[ edit ] The Maasai speak a Nilo-Saharan language. Many ethnic groups that had already formed settlements in the region were forcibly displaced by the incoming Maasai,  while other, mainly Southern Cushitic groups, were assimilated into Maasai society.
The Nilotic ancestors of the Kalenjin and Samburu likewise absorbed some early Cushitic populations. Raiders used spears and shields, but were most feared for throwing clubs orinka which could be accurately thrown from up to 70 paces appx.
Inthere was a report of a concentration of Maasai warriors on the move in what is now Kenya. Inafter having depopulated the "Wakuafi wilderness" in what is now southeastern Kenya, Maasai warriors threatened Mombasa on the Kenyan coast. The period of expansion was followed by the Maasai "Emutai" of — This period was marked by epidemics of contagious bovine pleuropneumoniarinderpest see s African rinderpest epizooticand smallpox.
The estimate first put forward by a German lieutenant in what was then northwest Tanganyikawas that 90 percent of cattle and half of wild animals perished from rinderpest. German doctors in the same area claimed that "every second" African had a pock-marked face as the result of smallpox.
This period coincided with drought. Rains failed completely in and Swarms of vultures followed them from high, awaiting their certain victims. Maasai are pastoralist and have resisted the urging of the Tanzanian and Kenyan governments to adopt a more sedentary lifestyle.
They have demanded grazing rights to many of the national parks in both countries. The Maasai people stood against slavery and lived alongside most wild animals with an aversion to eating game and birds. Maasai society never condoned traffic of human beings, and outsiders looking for people to enslave avoided the Maasai.
These subdivisions are known as clans: Genetic genealogya tool that uses the genes of modern populations to trace their ethnic and geographic origins, has also helped clarify the possible background of the modern Maasai.
Some maternal gene flow from North and Northeast Africa was also reported, particularly via the presence of mtDNA haplogroup M lineages in about A full body of oral law covers many aspects of behavior.
Formal execution is unknown, and normally payment in cattle will settle matters. Engai has a dual nature: The way the Maasai kill the lion differs from trophy hunting as it is used in the rite of passage ceremony.
The central human figure in the Maasai religious system is the laibon whose roles include shamanistic healingdivination and prophecyand ensuring success in war or adequate rainfall.
Today, they have a political role as well due to the elevation of leaders. Whatever power an individual laibon had was a function of personality rather than position.
Maasai people and huts with enkang barrier in foreground - eastern SerengetiA once high infant mortality rate among the Maasai has led to babies not truly being recognized until they reach an age of 3 months ilapaitin. The exception is found in extremely remote areas.
For Maasai living a traditional life, the end of life is virtually without ceremonyand the dead are left out for scavengers.
A herd of 50 cattle is respectable, and the more children the better. A man who has plenty of one but not the other is considered to be poor. They eat the meat, drink the milk daily, and drink the blood on occasion. Bulls, oxen and lambs are slaughtered for meat on special occasions and for ceremonies.
This concept was later proven false by anthropologists but is still deeply ingrained in the minds of ecologists and Tanzanian officials. The plan for the NCA was to put Maasai interests above all else, but this promise was never met. The spread of HIV was rampant.
Due to an increase in Maasai population, loss of cattle populations to disease, and lack of available rangelands because of new park boundaries and the incursion of settlements and farms by other tribes this is also the chief reason for the decline in wildlife-habitat loss, with the second being poachingthe Maasai were forced to develop new ways of sustaining themselves.
Many Maasai began to cultivate maize and other crops to get by, a practice that was culturally viewed negatively. To further complicate their situation, in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area banned cultivation practices.All Fruits Ripe Podcast.
Open discussions and exploration into environmental issues & music.
Voice of Maasai Productions is a collaborative indie music label and artistic content media showcase featuring talent of Maasailand. Maasai Rhythm. Sound and Music from Kenia Aug 30, by Relax Folk from the Planet Studio. Streaming. Listen with Unlimited. Listen to any song, anywhere with Amazon Music Unlimited.
Learn more. MP3 Music. $ to buy the MP3 album. Available for download now. TORONTO — It was about 11 months ago that Toronto Raptors president Masai Ujiri gave a year-end press conference that was almost as fiery as that time he yelled a cuss word at Brooklyn.
The Los Angeles Zoo’s newborn Masai giraffe sure is punctual: The female calf arrived just in time for World Giraffe Day, which is observed on Thursday, June Welcome to the world, baby! The. Lorraine Baker – ‘Eden’ Album Launch. Rising star Lorraine Baker bursts onto the UK Jazz Scene to launch her debut album “Eden.” Her individual style has gained attention from top international musicians, describing her playing as “magical” and “deeply rooted in the tradition of the great drummers of jazz.”.