Share via Email Migrants from eastern Europe at work on farmland in eastern England. What becomes immediately clear is the deep dishonesty at the heart of much of the rhetoric on this issue. The right claims to be tough on immigration, but it is the opposite of tough on the causes of immigration.
Peeling Back the Truth on Bananas Courtesy of Equal Exchange Bananas are the most popular fruit in the world, with more than billion consumed annually. Research began in the early s to develop a disease-resistant banana, which led to the introduction of the Cavendish banana—the kind we find in the produce department of grocery stores today.
The production of bananas for export was part and parcel of 19th— and 20th-century U. Bananas are often grown on large plantations, with workers living on site. In — alone, seven Guatemalan banana union members were murdered.
Workers receive so little in part because the wholesalers and retailers abroad reap most of the profits, particularly with the recent consolidation of huge retail outlets like Wal-Mart, Costco and Carrefour.
These children, some as young as eight, wielded sharp tools, pulled loads of bananas from place to place on the plantation, and lacked adequate access to drinking water and bathrooms.
Well below half were attending school, and yet all they earned for this sacrifice was a little more than half the legal minimum wage.
Additionally, three young girls reported being sexually harassed. Department of Labor report fromEcuador remains one of the countries where child labor can be found on banana plantations.
Global trade and impact on women farmers Back inthe European Union Exploitation among migrant labour a 25 percent tariff on Central American bananas, which better enabled African and Caribbean farmers to compete with U.
Courtesy of Equal Exchange In the Windward Islands of the West Indies, this has had a disproportionate impact on women, who make up the majority of banana farmers there. The decline in the price of bananas in the region over the past decade, and a corresponding reduction in banana cultivation, has already increased poverty and unemployment and worsened living conditions among rural women.
Clear-cutting and chemical use The process of producing bananas to feed worldwide demand has been, and continues to be, environmentally destructive. In the late s, entrepreneurs from Britain and the United States, using morally dubious means, obtained vast areas of largely unpopulated but rich and biodiverse coastal rainforest.
These plantations are abandoned, and the process repeated, once factors such as soil depletion or pest infestation begin to lower yields. The agrochemicals used in banana cultivation can damage the rainforests that border plantations.
A study of spectacled caimans living near plantations in Costa Rica found traces of pesticides in their blood—several of which, like DDT, have not been used in the region for years. Since these alligator-like reptiles are at the top of the food chain in their ecosystem, the pesticide build-up in their bodies also reflects the persistence of these chemicals throughout other trophic levels.
Numerous lawsuits have been brought against banana giants Dole and Del Monte over the use of DBCP, with workers claiming to have suffered serious health effects. Since they require a constant level of moisture—neither too much nor too little—banana fields are interlaced with channels for irrigation and drainage, vastly increasing soil erosion.
In the Caribbean, where plantations are located along the coasts, this kind of runoff has caused considerable damage to estuaries and coral reefs. This is not surprising when you consider the marketing strategies that were used decades ago.
A history of colonialism, racism, and sexism Companies have long used racist and colonialist stereotypes to market bananas in the United States. Chiquita, the number-one banana distributor in the U. The original iteration of the logo was a sexy female banana, perpetuating a widespread association between images of women and food that paints the former as passive and consumable.
The character was first introduced to U. In the animated film, a cartoonish stereotype of an indigenous African man is shown cooking an Englishman over a fire. Chiquita Banana interrupts, singing: She showcased a festive and fun personality as the resident expert for everything you ever wanted to know about bananas.
Chiquita Banana personifies a colonialist idea of the tropics as a place of simplicity and abundance, and her characterization as fun and carefree is particularly insulting considering the realities of banana production, which are anything but.
Purchasing from brands like Chiquita tells companies that they can get away with exploiting harmful stereotypes for financial gain. Recommendations Food Empowerment Project strives to inform people about where their food comes from so they can make the most ethical choices possible.
And, we admit, bananas are tough. For many, it is a reasonably priced fruit that contains many beneficial nutrients, but buying conventional bananas contributes to both environmental and human rights abuses. Organic bananas may mean workers are not exposed to horrific chemicals, but they do not typically improve wages or other working conditions for those laboring on the plantations.
And, unfortunately, it seems there are some issues with fair trade and third-party certifications, as well. Equal Exchange Unfortunately, bananas that we feel comfortable recommending those from small, farmer-owned cooperatives are not available all over the U.
Because of this we are also recommending the following: University of Arizona Press: Newsletter of the U. Labor Education in the Americas Project.
International Labor Rights Forum.Established in , IOM is the leading inter-governmental organization in the field of migration and works closely with governmental, intergovernmental and non-governmental partners.
The exploitation of migrants has become our way of life as the roll call of migrant workers I have met, with its constantly changing nationalities, shows.
Labour was slow to acknowledge. Play. Press play then disable your screen reader. Use space bar to pause or play, and up and down arrows to control volume. Use left arrow to rewind and right arrow to fast forward.
Dozens of Nepalese migrant labourers have died in Qatar in recent weeks and thousands more are enduring appalling labour abuses, a Guardian investigation has found, raising serious questions about. Fig. 2 illustrates the relationships among these contexts and their impact on migrant health and vulnerability.
The following sections will describe in turn these structural contexts, then turn to a discussion of migrant experiences of tuberculosis. Note: The following post accompanies Takuan Seiyo’s latest rutadeltambor.com are being kept “sticky” until tonight.
Scroll down for other posts that have appeared since Wednesday. Certain posts at Gates of Vienna, among them those by Takuan Seiyo, tend to attract the attention and comments of people who are preoccupied with the Jews.