Differences between classical and modern theories of management

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Differences between classical and modern theories of management

Classical management theory and human relations theory represent two views of management on the opposite ends of the spectrum. One view focuses on looking at workers solely as a means to get work done, while the other focuses on developing an organization and the behaviors and motivations of employees.

Most managers find that a combination of the two theories serves them best in their businesses. What is Classical Management Theory? Classical management theory involves creating multiple levels of workers to improve productivity. Employees at the lowest levels find their tasks overseen by supervisors who, in turn, are overseen by managers.

At every level, employees are expected to perform tasks according to specific procedures designed to maximize productivity.

In addition, this theory focuses on an impersonal side of business. Employees and managers should not allow friendliness and personal interactions to become involved with the organization. Rules must be followed exactly, and the hiring and firing of employees must relate only to the skills they possess.

Pros and Cons of Classical Management Theory Classical management theory is not used in many organizations because of its shortcomings. While some components of the theory, such as designing procedures for completing a task and keeping personal issues out of business, help an organization focus on the job at hand, the theory fails to recognize the differences among employees.

When employee feelings and opinions are not taken into account, the business may not grow or may experience high levels of employee turnover as employees fail to develop a relationship with the business and leave in search of a more satisfying job.

What is Human Relations Theory? Human relations theory, also known as behavioral management theory, focuses more on the individuals in a workplace than the rules, procedures and processes. Instead of directives coming directly from management, a human relations theory provides communication between employees and managers, allowing them to interact with one another to help make decisions.

Differences between classical and modern theories of management

Instead of giving workers quotas and requiring certain procedures, workers are exposed to motivational and emotional tactics to get them to increase productivity. The focus of this style is creating fulfilled, productive workers and helping workers invest in a company.

Pros and Cons of Human Relations Theory While many companies operate based on the human relations theory, this type of management has dangers.

Companies risk workers becoming too social or easily swayed by personal emotions and opinions when making decisions, rather than relying on hard data. It may be more difficult to reprimand employees for poor performance or dismiss them once they have become invested in the company.

Despite these risks, human relations theory has the potential to increase employee retention rates and productivity. As employees feel more valued by a company, they invest in that company and its greater good.Index Organizational Theory and Behavior © , David S. Walonick, Ph.D.

Differences between classical and modern theories of management

Classical Organization Theory. Classical organization theory evolved during the first half. The main difference is the human factor.

Classic management theories were studied throughout the first part of the 20th century in aims of trying to create a one-step model of understanding the. Organizational theories which explain the organization and its structure can be broadly classified as classical or modern.

Classical organization theory Taylor's scientific management approach Weber's bureaucratic approach Administrative theory Classical organization theories (Taylor, ; Weber, ; Fayol, ) deal with the formal 1/5(1). The difference between Fayol and Taylor’s Theory of Management, are explained in the points presented below: Henry Fayol is a father of modern management who enunciated fourteen principles of management, for improving overall administration.

Get an answer for 'Compare and contrast the classical and human relations theories of management.' and find homework help for other Business questions at eNotes. Classical Management Vs Behavioral Management Business Essay. Print Reference this. Published: 23rd March, The classical management theory says that it was devised to make more productivity and efficiency.

Another theory is by Henri fayol who called the true father modern management.

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