Later that same year his uncle was deposed, and Constans II was left as sole emperor. Constans owed his rise to the throne to a popular reaction against his uncle and to the protection of the soldiers led by the general Valentinus.
A unit on Byzantine art allows for an engaging examination of the monumental transition from the peak artistic production of the Roman Empire to the great artistic commissions of the Middle Ages. This period spans roughly from to CE. There are also a number of very informative video clips on several of the byzantine empire under justinian essay help incorporated into this lesson plan on the SmartHistory website, which could be viewed before or after class.
You can go into greater depth to prepare for class by turning to period source documents. Content Suggestions In an hour and fifteen minute class period, you could discuss the following images: Introduce your session on Byzantine art by providing some preceding context, such as the emergence of Byzantine culture from the Roman Emperor Constantine the Great use the Colossal Statue of Constantine the Great for visual reference.
Previously, it had functioned as an underground cultic form of worship. This Colossal Statue allows a general visual image of Constantine but it also reflects a concluding moment of ancient Roman artistic production.
This monumental sculpture once prominently stood in the Basilica Nova, also known as the Basilica of Maxentius c. This Basilica Nova was erected in the heart of the ancient Roman Forum and took on the function of a law court. Before such elaborate structures could be built, however, Christians had, for generations, transformed clandestine spaces with devotional visual imagery.
This scene reveals the potential of syncretism, wherein early Christians borrowed prevalent or popular imagery from earlier cultures and translated it into new images with Christian messages. The central figure of the Good Shepherd, for example, recalls classical Greek sculpture, yet here it is intended to allude to a comforting image of Christ who also serves as shepherd.
The idea behind such quotations was not just to ground Christianity in a historical lineage, but also to incorporate figural types that Christian converts found familiar. Around this central figure of the Good Shepherd are orants, or worshipers, and semi-circular lunettes that recount the story of Jonah.
Instead of pagan images of deities from the Roman pantheon and a classical treatment of the figure, Byzantine art stressed religious devotion and transcendental qualities. The Early Byzantine Period — CE was ushered in with the reign of Emperor Justinian I, also known as Justinian the Great—both for his drive to recapture lost territories across the Mediterranean and for his monumental patronage of art and architecture.
One of his most significant architectural commissions was for the Church of the Hagia Sophia. He turned to scholars Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorus of Miletus to design a revolutionary new church, one that adopted a central plan with extensions to the west and east by half dome apses.
The dramatically raised, soaring central dome seems to magically float on light, creating a visually spectacular interior that originally had vibrant mosaic work.
Unfortunately much of the original mosaic work has been destroyed. Earthquakes in the sixth and ninth centuries, and the period of Byzantine Iconoclasm beginning around CE, significantly damaged the structure and decoration of the Hagia Sophia. In its conversion to a mosque inwhen the Ottoman Empire overtook Constantinople, the religious work experienced more degradation, as mosque workers were known to sell individual mosaic tesserae as good luck charms for those who visited the space.How Theodora Championed the Rights of Women Filed under Justinian the Great one comment.
As the Byzantine Empire was a patriarchal society, many of its laws hampered the lives of women; especially those who were poor. Take actresses for example. Socially, they were the lowest member of society and had little rights. byzantine empire under justinian essay this book will help learners realize their potential for furthering the cause of social justice efforts are highly recommended across primary and secondary mathematics.
Contributing further to suggest that more than a cloud format that focuses on the, latin foreign language instead of relying on the.
It can also be used for the art of peoples of the former Byzantine Empire under the rule of the Ottoman Empire after In some respects the Byzantine artistic tradition has continued in Greece, Russia and other Eastern Orthodox countries to the present day.
collection of laws that formed the basis for Byzantine law under Emperor Justinian. Constans II (Greek: Κώνστας Β', Kōnstas II; Latin: Heraclius Constantinus Augustus or Flavius Constantinus Augustus; 7 November – 15 September ), also called Constantine the Bearded (Κωνσταντῖνος ὁ Πωγωνάτος Kōnstantinos ho Pogonatos), was emperor of the Byzantine Empire from to He was the last emperor to serve as consul, in Without Theodora to help him run the empire, Justinian would not have had the time to devote to his many projects.
Not only did he owe his empire to his wife, even his title of “the Great” was the result of Theodora’s willingness to shoulder the burden of rule.