Background[ edit ] In the opening chapter, Cartwright writes "About five years ago I decided I wanted to write this book. I knew that The Simpsons would end some day.
The people who formed different movements within christian thought in the 17th century read the English Bible dilligently - and reached different conclusions.
A Quaker defense of their interpretation of scriptures is included in An epistle from the Quakers to the Governor of Barbados in The debate between Bunyan and the Quakers was carried out by pamphlet war between and - Now made availabale on the web by Larry Kuenning.
Also besides these teachings of God in His word, the Lord made use of two things to confirm me in this truth; the one was the errors of the Quakers and the other was the guilt of sin; for as the Quakers did oppose this truth, so God did the more confirm me in it, by leading me into the scripture that did wonderfully maintain it.
The errors that this people then maintained, were: That the holy scriptures were not the word of God. That every man in the world had the spirit of Christ, grace, faith, etc. That Christ Jesus, as crucified, and dying sixteen hundred years ago, did not satisfy divine justice for the sins of the people.
That Christ's flesh and blood were within the saints. That the bodies of the good and bad that are buried in the church-yard, shall not arise again. That the resurrection is past with good men already.
That that man Jesus, that was crucified between two thieves, on mount Calvary, in the land of Canaan, by Jerusalem, was not ascended above the starry heavens.
That He should not, even the same Jesus that died by the hands of the Jews, come again at the last day; and as man, judge all nations,' etc. Many more vile and abominable things were in those days fomented by them, by which I was driven to a more narrow search of the scriptures, and was through their light and testimony, not only enlightened, but greatly confirmed and comforted in the truth: And, as I said, the guilt of sin did help me much; for still as that would come upon me, the blood of Christ did take it off again, and again, and again; and that too sweetly, according to the scripture.
Their rancour is dead, the glory of God in their visions lives on. Identity How did Quakers, as a whole, become an identity with an organisation? Joseph Besse documented the "sufferings of the people called Quakers" "from the time of their being first distinguished by that name in the Year " An "Epistle" sent from "elders and brethren" [gathered at] Balby to "the brethren in the north" who held meetings "in the light".
It has been suggested that Quaker identity was formed in what were called sufferingsespecially following the restoration of monarchy in after which people meeting "under the name of Quakers, and other names of separation" were considered a or the major danger to the internal security of the new state.
In this atmosphere the land at Bunhill was bought for the use of "the elect people of God in scorn called Quakers" The Oxford dictionary says Quakers gave the word sufferings a special meaning of the "hardships of people distrained on for tithes etc".
Tithes are the taxes paid to support the church. Quakers wanted to organise a society outside the church. Kristel Hawkins says that Ellis Hookesclerk to the London Quakers "presumably began" recording Quaker sufferings "in earnest sometime around the Restoration in ".
His efforts created the first two volumes of the Great Book of Sufferings. Accounts had to travel through the different levels of meetings before arriving in London.
Ellis Hookes and the Great Book of Sufferings". Each volume is indexed and covers a group of counties for a particular year. In most cases the names of informers, priests, constables and justices are indexed. All meetings in other places are declared to be riotous and unlawful".
The proclamation was followed by statement from George FoxGerald Roberts, Henry Fell, Richard Hubberthorn, John Boulton, John Hinde, John Stubbs, Leonard Fell, John Furley Junior, Francis HowgillSamuel Fisher, and Thomas Moore "in behalf of the whole body of the Elect People of God who are called Quakers, against all plotters and fighters in the world", "in answer to that clause of the King's late proclamation which mentions the Quakers, to clear them from the plot and fighting which therein is mentioned, and for the clearing their innocency.
November Amor Stoddart bought land [Bunhill] 'for the use and service of the elect people of God in scorn" called Quakers'. October Meeting for Sufferings established. This developed into the executive body of the society. Its name arose from a system of reporting anti-Quaker "persecution".
The Recording Clerk recorded the Sufferings, and became the general administrator of the Society. AfterMeeting for Sufferings had weekly supervision of a national stock of funds for the relief of Quakers who were dispossessed or in prison.
Money and power archive "when I grow rich" may not be a very appropriate tag for Quakers in business - Quakers in business such as the Bevans were well-off to start with.
From toQuakers were a radically deviant and confrontational people who, whilst often inprisoned, could also pull strings with government. After these years of conflict, rich families remained powerful in the organisation. The families include the Barclays - Gurneys - and Frys.Brain Pickings remains free (and ad-free) and takes me hundreds of hours a month to research and write, and thousands of dollars to sustain..
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